- Cayman Islands
Introduction ::Cayman IslandsBackground:The Cayman Islands were colonized from Jamaica by the British during the 18th and 19th centuries and were administered by Jamaica after 1863. In 1959, the islands became a territory within the Federation of the West Indies. When the Federation dissolved in 1962, the Cayman Islands chose to remain a British dependency.Geography ::Cayman IslandsLocation:Caribbean, three-island group (Grand Cayman, Cayman Brac, Little Cayman) in Caribbean Sea, 240 km south of Cuba and 268 km northwest of JamaicaGeographic coordinates:19 30 N, 80 30 WArea:total: 264 sq kmcountry comparison to the world: 211land: 264 sq kmwater: 0 sq kmArea - comparative:1.5 times the size of Washington, DCLand boundaries:0 kmCoastline:160 kmMaritime claims:territorial sea: 12 nmexclusive fishing zone: 200 nmClimate:tropical marine; warm, rainy summers (May to October) and cool, relatively dry winters (November to April)Terrain:low-lying limestone base surrounded by coral reefsElevation extremes:lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 mhighest point: The Bluff on Cayman Brac 43 mNatural resources:fish, climate and beaches that foster tourismLand use:arable land: 0.83%permanent crops: 2.08%other: 97.08% (2011)Irrigated land:NANatural hazards:hurricanes (July to November)Environment - current issues:no natural freshwater resources; drinking water supplies must be met by rainwater catchmentsGeography - note:important location between Cuba and Central AmericaPeople and Society ::Cayman IslandsNationality:noun: Caymanian(s)adjective: CaymanianEthnic groups:mixed 40%, white 20%, black 20%, expatriates of various ethnic groups 20%Languages:English (official) 95%, Spanish 3.2%, other 1.8% (1999 census)Religions:Protestant 67.7% (Church of God 25.5%, Presbyterian/United Church 9.2%, Seventh-Day Adventist 8.4%, Baptist 8.3%, Pentecostal 6.7%, Anglican 3.9%, non-denominational 5.7%), Roman Catholic 12.6%, other religions 4%, other 6.5%, none 6.1%, unspecified 3.2% (2007)Population:53,737 (July 2013 est.)country comparison to the world: 207note: most of the population lives on Grand Cayman (July 2013 est.)Age structure:0-14 years: 18.6% (male 5,030/female 4,962)15-24 years: 12.9% (male 3,436/female 3,516)25-54 years: 44.6% (male 11,662/female 12,283)55-64 years: 13.2% (male 3,388/female 3,729)65 years and over: 10.7% (male 2,707/female 3,024) (2013 est.)Median age:total: 39.3 yearsmale: 38.6 yearsfemale: 39.8 years (2013 est.)Population growth rate:2.19% (2013 est.)country comparison to the world: 44Birth rate:12.17 births/1,000 population (2013 est.)country comparison to the world: 164Death rate:5.3 deaths/1,000 population (2013 est.)country comparison to the world: 179Net migration rate:15.04 migrant(s)/1,000 populationcountry comparison to the world: 7note: major destination for Cubans trying to migrate to the US (2013 est.)Urbanization:urban population: 100% of total population (2010)rate of urbanization: 0.9% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)Major urban areas - population:GEORGE TOWN (capital) 28,000 (2011)Sex ratio:at birth: 1.02 male(s)/female0-14 years: 1.01 male(s)/female15-24 years: 0.98 male(s)/female25-54 years: 0.95 male(s)/female55-64 years: 0.91 male(s)/female65 years and over: 0.9 male(s)/femaletotal population: 0.95 male(s)/female (2013 est.)Infant mortality rate:total: 6.35 deaths/1,000 live birthscountry comparison to the world: 168male: 7.26 deaths/1,000 live birthsfemale: 5.42 deaths/1,000 live births (2013 est.)Life expectancy at birth:total population: 80.91 yearscountry comparison to the world: 23male: 78.23 yearsfemale: 83.64 years (2013 est.)Total fertility rate:1.86 children born/woman (2013 est.)country comparison to the world: 147Drinking water source:improved:urban: 96% of populationtotal: 96% of populationunimproved:urban: 4% of populationtotal: 4% of population (2010 est.)Sanitation facility access:improved:urban: 96% of populationtotal: 96% of populationunimproved:urban: 4% of populationtotal: 4% of population (2010 est.)HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:NAHIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:NAHIV/AIDS - deaths:NAEducation expenditures:NALiteracy:definition: age 15 and over has ever attended schooltotal population: 98.9%male: 98.7%female: 99% (2007 est.)School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):total: 12 yearsmale: 11 yearsfemale: 13 years (2008)Unemployment, youth ages 15-24:total: 13.5%country comparison to the world: 95male: 13.6%female: 13.3% (2008)Government ::Cayman IslandsCountry name:conventional long form: noneconventional short form: Cayman IslandsDependency status:overseas territory of the UKGovernment type:parliamentary democracyCapital:name: George Town (on Grand Cayman)geographic coordinates: 19 18 N, 81 23 Wtime difference: UTC-5 (same time as Washington, DC during Standard Time)Administrative divisions:6 districts; Bodden Town, Cayman Brac and Little Cayman, East End, George Town, North Side, West BayIndependence:none (overseas territory of the UK)National holiday:Constitution Day, first Monday in JulyConstitution:The Cayman Islands Constitution Order 2009, 6 November 2009Legal system:English common law and local statutesSuffrage:18 years of age; universalExecutive branch:chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by Governor Helen KILPATRICK (since 6 September 2013)head of government: Premier Alden MCLAUGHLIN (since 29 May 2013)cabinet: The Cabinet (six members are appointed by the governor on the advice of the premier, selected from among the elected members of the Legislative Assembly)(For more information visit the World Leaders website )elections: the monarchy is hereditary; the governor appointed by the monarch; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or coalition appointed by the governor as premierLegislative branch:unicameral Legislative Assembly (21 seats; 18 members elected by popular vote, Speaker, and 2 ex officio members - Deputy Governor and Attorney General; to serve four-year terms)elections: last held on 22 May 2013 (next to be held in 2017)election results: percent of vote by party - PPM 36.1%, UDP 27.8%, C4C 18.6%, independents 11.9%, PNA 5.7%; seats by party - PPM 9, UDP 3, C4C 3, independent 2, PNA 1Judicial branch:highest court(s): Court of Appeal (consists of the court president and at least 2 judges); Grand Court (consists of the court president and at least 2 judges)note - appeals beyond the Court of Appeal are heard by the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council (in London)judge selection and term of office: Court of Appeal and Grand Court judges appointed by the governor on the advice of the Judicial and Legal Services Commission, an 8-member independent body consisting of governor appointees, Court of Appeal president, and attorneys; Court of Appeal judges' tenure based on their individual instruments of appointment; Grand Court judges normally appointed until retirement at age 65 but can be extended until age 70subordinate courts: Summary CourtPolitical parties and leaders:People's Progressive Movement or PPM [Kurt TIBBETTS]United Democratic Party or UDP [McKeeva BUSH]Political pressure groups and leaders:Coalition for Cayman or C4CNational People's Alliance or PNANational Trustother: environmentalistsInternational organization participation:Caricom (associate), CDB, Interpol (subbureau), IOC, UNESCO (associate), UPUDiplomatic representation in the US:none (overseas territory of the UK)Diplomatic representation from the US:none (overseas territory of the UK); consular services provided through the US Embassy in JamaicaFlag description:a blue field, with the flag of the UK in the upper hoist-side quadrant and the Caymanian coat of arms centered on the outer half of the flag; the coat of arms includes a crest with a pineapple, representing the connection with Jamaica, and a turtle, representing Cayman's seafaring tradition, above a shield bearing a golden lion, symbolizing Great Britain, below which are three green stars (representing the three islands) surmounting white and blue wavy lines representing the sea and a scroll at the bottom bearing the motto HE HATH FOUNDED IT UPON THE SEASNational anthem:name: ""Beloved Isle Cayman""lyrics/music: Leila E. ROSSnote: adopted 1993; served as an unofficial anthem since 1930; as a territory of the United Kingdom, in addition to the local anthem, ""God Save the Queen"" is official (see United Kingdom)Economy ::Cayman IslandsEconomy - overview:With no direct taxation, the islands are a thriving offshore financial center. More than 93,000 companies were registered in the Cayman Islands as of 2008, including almost 300 banks, 800 insurers, and 10,000 mutual funds. A stock exchange was opened in 1997. Tourism is also a mainstay, accounting for about 70% of GDP and 75% of foreign currency earnings. The tourist industry is aimed at the luxury market and caters mainly to visitors from North America. Total tourist arrivals exceeded 1.9 million in 2008, with about half from the US. Nearly 90% of the islands' food and consumer goods must be imported. The Caymanians enjoy a standard of living comparable to that of Switzerland.GDP (purchasing power parity):$2.25 billion (2008 est.)country comparison to the world: 189$2.23 billion (2003 est.)GDP (official exchange rate):$2.25 billion (2008 est.)GDP - real growth rate:1.1% (2008 est.)country comparison to the world: 1600.9% (2004 est.)GDP - per capita (PPP):$43,800 (2004 est.)country comparison to the world: 18GDP - composition, by end use:household consumption: 71.5%government consumption: 1.7%investment in fixed capital: 25.9%exports of goods and services: 70.5%imports of goods and services: -69.7%(2012 est.)GDP - composition, by sector of origin:agriculture: 0.2%industry: 27.6%services: 72.2% (2012 est.)Agriculture - products:vegetables, fruit; livestock; turtle farmingIndustries:tourism, banking, insurance and finance, construction, construction materials, furnitureIndustrial production growth rate:NA%Labor force:39,000country comparison to the world: 198note: nearly 55% are non-nationals (2007)Labor force - by occupation:agriculture: 1.9%industry: 19.1%services: 79% (2008 est.)Unemployment rate:4% (2008)country comparison to the world: 304.4% (2004)Population below poverty line:NA%Household income or consumption by percentage share:lowest 10%: NA%highest 10%: NA%Budget:revenues: $669.2 millionexpenditures: $709.6 million (2012 est.)Taxes and other revenues:29.7% of GDP (2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 93Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-):-1.8% of GDP (2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 80Fiscal year:1 April - 31 MarchInflation rate (consumer prices):1.2% (2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 171.3% (2011 est.)Stock of narrow money:$334.3 million (31 December 2008)country comparison to the world: 164Stock of broad money:$5.564 billion (31 December 2008 est.)country comparison to the world: 126Market value of publicly traded shares:$NA (31 December 2008)country comparison to the world: 114$183.5 million (31 December 2007)$188.4 million (31 December 2006)Exports:$15 million (2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 207$16.6 million (2011 est.)Exports - commodities:turtle products, manufactured consumer goodsImports:$698.1 million (2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 187$698.8 million (2011 est.)Imports - commodities:foodstuffs, manufactured goods, fuelsStock of direct foreign investment - at home:$NAStock of direct foreign investment - abroad:$NAExchange rates:Caymanian dollars (KYD) per US dollar -0.83 (2012 est.)0.83 (2011 est.)0.83 (2010 est.)Energy ::Cayman IslandsElectricity - production:593.5 million kWh (2010 est.)country comparison to the world: 157Electricity - consumption:555.6 million kWh (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 167Electricity - exports:0 kWh (2010 est.)country comparison to the world: 177Electricity - imports:0 kWh (2010 est.)country comparison to the world: 169Electricity - installed generating capacity:152,600 kW (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 157Electricity - from fossil fuels:100% of total installed capacity (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 11Electricity - from nuclear fuels:0% of total installed capacity (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 65Electricity - from hydroelectric plants:0% of total installed capacity (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 163Electricity - from other renewable sources:0% of total installed capacity (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 120Crude oil - production:0 bbl/day (2011 est.)country comparison to the world: 118Crude oil - exports:0 bbl/day (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 94Crude oil - imports:0 bbl/day (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 170Crude oil - proved reserves:0 bbl (1 January 2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 116Refined petroleum products - production:0 bbl/day (2008 est.)country comparison to the world: 164Refined petroleum products - consumption:3,141 bbl/day (2011 est.)country comparison to the world: 180Refined petroleum products - exports:0 bbl/day (2008 est.)country comparison to the world: 164Refined petroleum products - imports:4,491 bbl/day (2008 est.)country comparison to the world: 161Natural gas - production:0 cu m (2010 est.)country comparison to the world: 113Natural gas - consumption:0 cu m (2010 est.)country comparison to the world: 129Natural gas - exports:0 cu m (2010 est.)country comparison to the world: 78Natural gas - imports:0 cu m (2010 est.)country comparison to the world: 175Natural gas - proved reserves:0 cu m (1 January 2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 121Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy:273,500 Mt (2010 est.)country comparison to the world: 192Communications ::Cayman IslandsTelephones - main lines in use:37,200 (2011)country comparison to the world: 170Telephones - mobile cellular:95,100 (2011)country comparison to the world: 193Telephone system:general assessment: reasonably good overall telephone system with a high fixed-line teledensitydomestic: liberalization of telecom market in 2003; introduction of competition in the mobile-cellular market in 2004international: country code - 1-345; landing points for the Maya-1, Eastern Caribbean Fiber System (ECFS), and the Cayman-Jamaica Fiber System submarine cables that provide links to the US and parts of Central and South America; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean) (2011)Broadcast media:4 TV stations; cable and satellite subscription services offer a variety of international programming; government-owned Radio Cayman operates 2 networks broadcasting on 5 stations; 10 privately owned radio stations operate alongside Radio Cayman (2007)Internet country code:.kyInternet hosts:23,472 (2012)country comparison to the world: 114Internet users:23,000 (2008)country comparison to the world: 189Transportation ::Cayman IslandsAirports:3 (2013)country comparison to the world: 196Airports - with paved runways:total: 31,524 to 2,437 m: 2914 to 1,523 m: 1 (2013)Airports - with unpaved runways:total: 1914 to 1,523 m: 1 (2012)Roadways:total: 785 kmcountry comparison to the world: 188paved: 785 km (2007)Merchant marine:total: 116country comparison to the world: 46by type: bulk carrier 19, cargo 3, chemical tanker 61, liquefied gas 1, passenger 1, petroleum tanker 5, refrigerated cargo 10, vehicle carrier 16foreign-owned: 102 (Germany 3, Greece 9, Italy 7, Japan 23, Switzerland 1, UK 2, US 57) (2010)Ports and terminals:major seaport(s): Cayman Brac, George TownMilitary ::Cayman IslandsMilitary branches:no regular military forces; Royal Cayman Islands Police Force (2012)Manpower available for military service:males age 16-49: 12,238 (2010 est.)Manpower fit for military service:males age 16-49: 9,981females age 16-49: 10,417 (2010 est.)Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually:male: 333female: 342 (2010 est.)Military - note:defense is the responsibility of the UKTransnational Issues ::Cayman IslandsDisputes - international:noneIllicit drugs:major offshore financial center; vulnerable to drug transshipment to the US and Europe (2008)"
The World Factbook. 2014.